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干货满满!雅思写作逻辑连接词集锦


今天iLC小助手为大家准备的是雅思写作中的逻辑连接词集锦。

因为雅思作文重在论述,论述重在逻辑,逻辑的表现就是逻辑连接词。灵活而不重样地使用这些词汇,既代表着语法的游刃有余,也代表着逻辑的清晰明了。



###1.1 让步###


1. Although(更书面)= though(更口语) = even if (即使,更偏假设性) = even though(虽然,更偏事实性)+句子

注:不能与but连用。


Devoted though we are to prosperity and freedom, we cannot shake off the judgmental strand of justice. 用倒装


2. No matter how/what/who等 = 疑问句+ever


No matter who/Whoever you are, you must keep the law.

注意:疑问句+ever 可以引导名词性从句


Whoever(≠ no matter who)comes will be welcome.


3. …, as long as


You can do what you want, as long as you like.


4. 名词/表语/动词+ as(though)倒装,。。。,表“纵使”


Object as/though you may, I’ll go。

Small as atoms are, they are made up of still smaller units。

Lover of towns as I am, I realize that I owe a debt to my early country life.


5. Whether…or… 正反两方面,。。。表“不论。。。与否”


Whether you believe it or not, it's true.

You'll have to attend the ceremony whether you're free or busy.


6. Be原型+主语+表语(n, adj)= whether+主语+be动词+表语(n, adj)。不论。一文学性强的虚拟语气,表让步。


Be it historical tradition, faith and culture, or social system, values and level of development, those countries or regions are often different from one another.


7. Despite+n/ving = in spite of 尽管. (不能加句子)

Despite the fact that + 句子(太累赘)

Despite myself, … 情不自禁地…


Her words were so satirical(讽刺的)that I lost my temper in spite of myself。


8. Notwithstanding +sth尽管


But notwithstanding its ancient lineage, it is open to the following challenge.


9. Albeit 虽然即使


You are to be given one method of communication with your rival, albeit indirect communication.


###1.2 原因###

Since

As

Because

For+句子

As a result of sth. =As a consequence of sth由于sth, sth是原因。

Because of

Owing to sth 介词

Thanks to... (后面原因一般是积极性的)

By virtue of sth

On account of

Be due to

Owe to sth 动词

Account for=result in 表示导致

Systematic economic forces account for the disastrous loses.

Attribute…to…把。。。归因于。。。

He attributed the opposition to a deep-seated attitude in military.

Sth would explain why …

For this reason,...

For one reason or another, 由于某种原因(不具体指明)

His travel articles are always, for one reason or another, fascinating.

For one thing, 在众多原因中指出其中一个

A lot of people don’t take the time to read contracts. For one thing, they’re often in very tiny print.

On this/that account, 由于这个、那个原因

She was divorced, and on that account alone my mother disliked her.


The reason why+结果/ that+原因

Greed is the reason why they do not deserve the money.


###1.3 结果###

Accordingly=Consequently

原因+Result in+结果

This outcome will result in children starting bullying younger ones.

Thus

Hence

So

Therefore

Excessive greed is therefore a vice that a good society should discourage if it can.

As such

As a result 最终,因此,结果

As a consequence/In consequence,...


###1.4 目的###


So

So that

Should law be neutral towards competing conceptions of virtue, so that people can be free to choose for themselves the best way to live?

In order that

Regular checks are required in order that safety standards are maintained.

To do sth,…

To answer it, we have to explore the meaning of justice.

In order to do sth

In order to determine who deserves what, we have to determine what virtues are worthy of honor and reward.

For the sake of sth=For sth’s sake 为了sth的目的

I hope you’re not doing this just for the sake of the money.

For clarity’s sake, I’d like to reword my statement.


###1.5 转折###


However,

Yet 轻微转折

And yet we worry when judgments about virtue finds their way into laws.

Whereas

Conversely

Nevertheless

Otherwise, 否则

On the contrary

Instead,表示对上述方式的完全反转

Instead, a just society respects each people’s freedom to choose his or her own conception of the good life.

Contrarily

Inversely

Contrariwise

Oppositely,

Instead of sth

As opposed to 表示与前述对象的反转对比

The cost of these planes is £3 million, as opposed to the £2 million charged by their competitors.

While 引导从句,表明前后情况不同,做个对比

Rather than. 并不是、而不、并没有, 前后对等

Be honest rather than clever.诚实胜于机巧。

This policy might lead them to stay in harm’s way rather than flee to safety.

Rather than press for maximum advantages, people look out for one another.


###1.6对比###

While 既可以对比相反的东西,也可以对比稍有不同的

Ancient theories start with virtue while modern theories start with freedom.


On the other hand,

By/In comparison/contrast 对比之下

Their lives were exciting and glamorous; ours seemed dull by comparison.

The virtue argument, by contrast, rests on the judgment that greed is a vice that state should discourage.

Alternatively,提供另一种思路或方法建议

In/By comparison with sth介词

This essay will briefly review the cons and pros of imprisonment in comparison with job training.

By comparison with the lively teenagers, the adults were a joyless lot.

Compared with/to


###1.7 类比###


Just as/like

Similarly,

Likewise,

Identically,

Equivalently,

As …as

They have sacrificed as surely, and as honorably, as those who have lost a limb.

The same as

Tourists find this park just the same as the one they visited previously.

In the same way/manner


###1.8 递进###


Further

Furthermore

Besides,

Moreover

In addition to sth,

In addition to outlining the causes of this problem, this essay will also propose solutions.

In addition,

What’s more

Apart from B…其有两个意思,既可以:除了B(包括B),也表示:除了B(不包括B)

Additionally,

###1.9 举例###


The likes of 就像

Such as

Like

Their purchases of necessities like safe lodging are forced.


Including, 包括

e.g. 直接加sth,中间没有逗号

…is a case in point. 正在点儿上,指例子可以很好地阐述这个观点


Here is a case where…指出例子

Here is a case where the economy as a whole seemed to outweigh considerations of fairness.


Take ... as an example 以。。。为例


In some instances. 在某些情况中

For instances,

For example,


###1.10 假设###


If

If its price is higher, manufacturers will find it worth their while to produce more goods.


Given/provided/providing+名词/that 从句, 考虑到、假如

You can go out to play provided that you finish your homework first.

It’s a lot easier to get good marks on a short-answer question, providing you do it well.


Only if,唯有,唯一的条件是

The rebels say they are ready to stop fighting, but only if the prisoners are released.

On condition that,以。。。为前提,只有

Should 用于状语从句,表示“万一”,用法与if类似,可以在主句前,也可以在主句后;从句动词用原型。

This switch can be used to disengage the autopilot system should a malfunction occur in the system.

Should it rain tomorrow, the meeting would be put off.

###1.11 解释,转述###

In other words,

Prosperity matters, in other words, because it contributes to our welfare.


That is, that is to say,

i.e.

Namely

Some groups, namely students and pensioners, will benefit from the new tax.

Mean that


###1.12 并列###


And


A as well as B, 强调as前的名词或者形容词A, 不仅B,而且A

We must learn to look at problems all-sidedly,seeing the reverse as well as the obverse side of things. 强调要看到reverse即反面


not only A, but also B, 不同上,强调后面B,不仅A,而且B

He is a statesman as well as a scholar=He is no less a statesman than a scholar=He is not only a scholar but also a statesman.


and...A...as well. 则强调A


###1.13 说明观点###

认为/支持/反对

认为:

Argue that.有“争论到”之意,用于对陈述相反观点

Some economists argued that the law was misconceived.


Believe that

Some believed that the exchange of goods should be governed by a just price.


Acknowledge that. 承认,一般表示某人承认,之后会转折

I have to acknowledge that it has the advantage of high efficiency.


Maintain that

Defenders of this law maintain that, under certain conditions, the free market is not truly free.


Hold that

Many people hold that government should be neutral on matters of virtue and vice.


Insist that

Those who insist that only bleeding wounds should be count believe that …


Claim that 声称

The veteran’s group claimed that doing so would “debase” the honor.


Point out

As he points out, buyers under duress have no freedom.


Consider…(to be).认为。。。如何

Some people favor abortion rights, and others consider abortion to be murder.

Whereas some consider it an form of reverse discrimination against people who deserve admission on their merits.


Be of the opinion that

I am of the opinion that car ownership should be discouraged.


From a personal point of view,..

From a personal point of view, it is essential to reduce non-essential travel.


Sb’s point is that…某人的意思是

Plato’s point is that to grasp the meaning of justice and the nature of the good life, we must rise above from the prejudices and routines of everyday life.


支持:

Support

Favor sth/doing sth

The captain favors including mental injuries.

Defend sth捍卫,支持

Some defend affirmative actions in college admissions as a way of righting past wrongs.

Advocates/defenders/proponents 反对者、支持者

Conviction,坚信

My firm conviction is that punishment does not has much of a role to play in this.


反对:

Argue against. 反对

Jeff, a pro-market commentator writing the book Boston Globe, argued against this law.


Reject 反对某种观点/行为

Jim rejected the notion that these “unconscionable” prices reflected a truly free exchange.

A civilized country should reject the torture of terror suspects.


The argument for or against sth. 对某话题的支持/反对观点

We should also consider one further argument for this law.


Oppose sth/sb/doing

A veteran’s group opposed awarding the medal for psychological injuries.


Disagree

Citizens of pluralist societies disagree about such things?


Disagree with

Therefore I have to disagree almost entirely with the given statement.


Opponents 反对者,是名词

Not surprisingly, the opponents of this law invoke these two similar arguments for free markets.


It is true that…but…用于承认一方后,强调另一方

表示优点缺点

advantages and disadvantages

Its advantages overweigh its disadvantages.


pros and cons

strengths and weaknesses

merits and demerits

benefits and problems

Even if high prices call forth a greater supply of goods, this benefit has to be weighed against the burden such prices impose on those least to afford them.


On the plus/positive/negative side

On the downside

sth do more good than harm

A Outweigh B,A超出B,更重要,用以连接上述的优缺点词汇

The possible benefits outweigh the risks involved.

做结论

Conclude that.

So we can conclude that ….

In brief/in summary/conclusion

To summarize


根据

According to/Based on

According to the textbook context, this question divides ancient and modern political thought.


引出话题

It is said that…据说

It seems that

The focus of … is on sth.

The focus of this essay is on the causes of and solutions to this problem.

In terms of/ regarding/concerning/ when it comes to sth/as for/for/with regard to/with respect to关于、至于,talking about/speaking of 比较口语化

PART 2 重要句式结构


原则:主谓宾是骨头,逻辑连接词是骨头间的韧带,其他修饰词则是肌肉。

名词从句=名词

What I am proficient in is ancient Chinese literature.

That’s where he met me.


Those

Those+adj/ving/ved/to v/介词,代表一类人或物

All those eligible will receive a cash handout.

The new law clearly benefits those earning the most money.

Only 18 percent of those surveyed opposed the idea.

I'm going to sort these old books into those to be kept and those to be thrown away.

Have some consideration for those without a job.


Those+从句who(人)/which(物)/whose(表归属)/in which(表位置),Those相当于一个名词

Only those who had booked in advance were allowed in.

We must try to find out those which may be attacked most easily.

This disease is more likely to strike those whose immune systems are already below par.

The poems which he wrote in the countryside are generally agreed to be those in which he found his true voice.

He who can be a best servant can be a best leader.